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Nitrates and Nitrites Overview

Nitrates and Nitrites are compounds that occur naturally on the surface at levels that generally don’t pose health risks. However, these levels can be dangerously high in agricultural areas were fertilizers, such as herbicides and pesticides, animal waste, decomposition, and septic tank run-offs are found.

Because of their highly water-soluble nature, nitrates and nitrites can seep into the ground water making well water supplies vulnerable to contamination in the process. High levels of nitrates and nitrites in drinking water pose dangerous health concerns, increasing the possibility of contracting nitrate poisoning especially in infants and pregnant women.

Learn more about what the CDC says on Nitrate and Drinking Water from Private Wells.

In-Home Water Testing

Water Testing

Nitrates and nitrites are primarily a drinking water concern as opposed to a house water concern. According to the Water Quality Association (WQA) the maximum contaminant level before nitrates become a health concern is 10.0 mg/L. Our technicians are fully equipped and trained to test for nitrates and nitrites along with other contaminants in our field water test. Regular in-home water testing services are free of charge. 

Recommended Treatment Systems

Clean Stream Water’s high efficiency nitrate ion exchange systems have consistently proven to be our most effective treatment for nitrates and nitrites in homes, commercial, and agricultural applications for over 30 years.

Nitrate Ion Exchange System

For Whole House Water Treatment

How does it work?

Similar to the way water softeners uses resin to treat hard water, nitrate ion exchange systems remove nitrates and nitrites with the proper resin media. 

As water passes through the body tank, the resin beads act like a magnet, attracting the nitrates and nitrites from the water, delivering fresh, pure water. 

Eventually the resin beads become saturated so the metered control valve fills the tank with a strong brine solution, which is stored in a separate salt tank. The brine flushes the saturated resin tank, cleaning it of nitrates and nitrites and saturates the resin beads with sodium ions. 

Fresh water then flushes the brine carrying the contaminants into the drain. The resin beads are regenerated and ready to be used again. 

Maintenance requires filling the salt tank as needed.

Reverse Osmosis System

For Drinking Water Treatment

How does it work?

Step 1. Water enters an inline pre-filter which is aimed to reduce sediment particles and chlorine.

Step 2. It is then forced through the RO’s semipermeable membrane, separating nitrates, lead, and other dissolved solids to a sub micron level. Impurities that stay behind and are flushed out to the drain as fresh water exits the RO membrane.

Step 3. Water is then processed through a post-carbon filter, designed to improve taste and odor.

Step 4. Because RO systems produce pure water at 24 gal/day, a 4 gal. water storage tank is installed for on demand use.

Step 5. If well water is the main supply, then a small UV light is lastly installed for water to be disinfected before dispensed out to a dedicated kitchen faucet.

Maintenance requires changing the filters and UV bulb every year and every 5 years for the RO membrane.